January 31, 2019 (Source: South China Morning Post)–
A Chinese Apple hardware engineer who allegedly stole the iPhone maker’s driverless car secrets for a China-based company has been charged by the US in the second such case since July.
Jizhong Chen was seen by a fellow Apple employee taking photographs on January 11 with a wide-angle lens inside a secure workspace that houses the company’s autonomous car project, about six months after he signed a strict confidentiality oath when he was hired, according to a criminal complaint filed in federal court in San Jose, California.
Prosecutors said Chen admitted to taking the photos and backing up some 2,000 files to his personal hard drive, including manuals and schematics for the project, but didn’t tell Apple he had applied for a job with a China-based autonomous vehicle company.
The arrest comes amid an unprecedented crackdown by the US on Chinese corporate espionage.
As US President Donald Trump ratcheted up his trade war with China, the Justice Department in November announced a “China Initiative” aimed at prioritising trade-theft cases and litigating them as quickly as possible.
San Francisco prosecutors have brought trade-secret theft cases against Chinese nationals who worked for companies as diverse as Micron Technology, a memory chip maker, and drug maker Genentech.
This week, the US charged Huawei, China’s largest telecommunications company, with stealing secrets from its American partner, T-Mobile US.
Apple said disclosure of the data taken by Chen would be “enormously damaging”, according to prosecutors. Among the photos seized by the government: an image stamped “December 19” diagramming Apple’s autonomous driving architecture. Another from June 2018 depicts an assembly drawing of a wire harness for an autonomous vehicle.
Chen told Apple investigators he had taken the pictures to support applications for jobs within the company after supervisors tagged him with a performance improvement plan, according to the complaint. After Apple learned he was seeking employment with a Chinese rival, he was suspended.
The engineer later told Apple he intended to travel to China to visit his ill father, but was arrested last week before he could board his direct flight. He was released from federal custody after posting US$500,000 in cash and property on January 25. Chen’s lawyer didn’t immediately respond to phone and email requests for comment.
Zhang Xiaolang, the former Apple engineer charged in July with stealing self-driving car secrets for a Chinese start-up, pleaded not guilty to the charges. He, too, told Apple investigators he was planning to go to China to visit family. The company that Zhang was allegedly working for, Guangzhou-based Xiaopeng Motors, said at the time that it found no indication Zhang communicated any sensitive information to it from Apple.
Apple began its autonomous vehicle project around 2015 with the goal of developing a full self-driving electric car to compete with Tesla. In 2016, Apple scaled back to focus almost exclusively on the underlying software and hardware that could eventually power a self-driving car, whether designed by Apple or a partner. This year, under new leadership hired from Tesla, the company again retrenched, shifting around two hundred of its employees from the autonomous software team to its other artificial intelligence teams inside the company.
According to the complaint against Chen, Apple has approximately 1,200 employees working directly on what it calls Project Titan.
Representatives of Apple and the FBI didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment on Chen’s case.